Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Run Down on Persuasive Essay Topics 5th Grade Exposed Who Else Wants to Learn About Persuasive Essay Topics 5th Grade? The price of alcohol should be reduced. Health care ought to be free for everybody. Plastic surgery needs to be free for everybody. Finding the subject of your interest can help you work harder on your project and show your style in the simplest way possible. Young writers may try simple on-line citation generators which are ordinarily at no cost. The reader ought to be impressed by how you defend your ideas. A wholesome dose of humor is really tricky to resist. A minumum of one parent should work at home. Main point is the crux of the entire writing and something which you're going to convince your readers in. The voting age should be lowered. Though people believe education is a correct and will make society, overall, a better place for everybody, others feel there's no real approach to provide a free college education as colleges would still must be funded (likely through tax dollars). Another reason is to observe how well students argue on various views and demonstrate understanding of the studied subject. Persuasive Essay Topics 5th Grade Ideas Some prompts also attempt to become at a number of the problems that affect ESL students most acutely. When you have topics to pick from, it is essential that you choose one which you can write about comfortably. Personal colleges are far better than state colleges. Internet access needs to be free. The thesis will reveal the reader precisely where you stand. Still, you ought to make your topic more specific. Deciding on your topic isn't that easy. Freedom of choice is excellent. Persuasive writing is a kind of writing skill that's expected of high schoolers in the usa. The conclusion and recommendation portion of the essay would decide on just what the essay is truly all about. The simplest approach to compose a decent persuasive essay is to chose a topic you're confident in. When prior brainstorming is finished, you might begin drafting your essay. Spam mail needs to be outlawed. If nobody knows the way to write or read cursive handwriting, the shape of communication is going to be lost, some believe. Anyway, below, you will find topic that are great for both instances. One involves the idea of mental resources to which I have alluded in several different columns, regarding reading and mathematics together with writing. The multiple topics could possibly be found, for instance, in the dissertation abstracts international database. Thus, it's important to read corresponding formatting guide. It is preferable to use templates since they include all necessary formatting elements. One of the greatest mediums is writing. On the flip side, it can become an intimidating task, especially whenever you're not sure whether your choice is good. The shortage of very good support sources will end in a decrease grade. Actually, to offer you a few ideas about the type of topics you're able to write about, there's a list of unique ideas below that you may want to consider. In your writing, offer certain explanations for why homework is an issue. Yearly driving tests ought to be mandatory over a particular age.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Many OCD symptoms are represented by at least four to five symptom dimensions. This experiment was conducted to determine the relationship between OCD symptoms, and OCD cognition. They did so, by using the Ã¢â¬Å"Gold StandardÃ¢â¬ clinician-administrate red scale for OCD the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOSC). I will be using information from the results portion of their experiment. Ã¯ ¶ dication and 46.2 % had received a behavioral intervention for their OCD in the past. Results of the OBQ cognitive domains indicated that participants had an average score of 73.0 (SD = 24.5) for perfectionism/intolerance of uncertainty, 67.9 (SD = 25.5) for responsibility/threat estimation, and 40.2 (SD = 19.1) for importance/ control of thoughts. Ã¯ ¶ The specified YBOCS-SC categories that were subjected to PCA yielded five components explaining 64.9 % of the variance. The five components were: (1) hoarding, (2) contamination/cleaning, (3) symmetry/ordering, (4) unacceptable/taboo thoughts (consisting of impulsive aggressive, sexual and religious obsessions and mental rituals), and (5) Doubt/checking (consisting of unintentional harm obsessions and checking compulsions). I will be incorporating several pieces of information, from the peer reviewed article Ã¢â¬Å"Obsessive -Compulsive DisorderÃ¢â¬ . This articles shares information on how to determine whether or not you have OCD or can you get it later on in life. The cognitive behavioral model used as stated in the article, made way for the success ofShow MoreRelatedThe Medical Outcomes Study ( OCD )885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesevaluates the quality of life of those people with OCD in the previous months when the study was carried out. It consisted of 36 questions, which were grouped into eight domains such as role-emotional, physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, mental health, role physical, vitality, and of course social functioning as well. Nevertheless, the lower scores indicated poorer quality of life. The Y-BOCS was used to evaluate the severity of OCD symptoms. However, it provides two different scores. TheRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Theory Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder1678 Wo rds Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract This case conceptualization of Francis discusses the principles of the cognitive behavioral theory that are based on the belief that learning, cognitions, and perceptions play a significant role in the development and maintenance of emotional and behavioral problems. Various CBT models are applied to the diagnostic determinants of FrancisÃ¢â¬â¢ dysfunctional behavior and the empirically supported methods of cognitive behavioral treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are used to build a treatmentRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )2838 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesIntroduction Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder which can have severe impacts on the functionality of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). An overview of OCD includes the various dimensions of the disorder, the diagnostic criteria, and the range of onset and how the beliefs and compulsions cause a vicious cycle. The aetiology of this disorder from the cognitive behavioural therapy [CBT] perspective is investigated and the strengths and weaknesses areRead MoreCase Study : Anxiety Disorders857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa panic attack. Symptoms: Heart Racing, Hands Shaking, Shortness of Breath, Cold Sweat This client currently exhibits / experiences four of the thirteen symptoms of a panic attack as defined by the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The brief case study did not address how long or how often the client had been experiencing the symptoms. To accurately diagnosis a person with Panic Attack Disorder it is necessary for the individual to have experienced physical symptoms along with the oneRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto their dormant lifestyle. Adults are the main targets of psychological conditions because they have a very active lifestyle, are fully developed, and have many responsibilities that they are required to accomplish. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD is one of the most common psychological diseases that affect most adults. This disorder is often characterized by thoughts that are intrusive, leading to constant worry, anxiety, and obsession. The affect adult will exhibit behaviors that are repetitiveR ead MoreFactors That Make Up Obsessive Compulsive Disorder1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprovide anxiety or distress are considered an obsession. While repetitive unwanted behaviors are a compulsion. Together these two words are contributing factors that make up Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The American Psychiatric Association constitutes Ã¢â¬Å"OCD as an anxiety disorder in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions) that make them feel driven to do something repetitively (compulsions)Ã¢â¬ (Dougherty, Wilhelm, Jenike, 2014, p. 432). In action the thought isRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Lila And Eve Essay1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the midst of a gang war over turf Lila s oldest son Stephen was killed walking home, he was at the wrong place at the wrong time. At first Lila was in denial, then she felt guilty then after the guilt she was angry. These are some of the basic symptoms of grief. It was not until she met Ã¢â¬Å"EveÃ¢â¬ that she started to actually come to terms with her son StephensÃ¢â¬â¢s death. One of the main reasons for her anger was that the police officers that was overseeing her case seemed not to care. To them StephenRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt ) For Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay2346 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesStrengths and Weaknesses in Aetiology and Treatment of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) By using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) individuals are able to be diagnosed and treated for many anxiety disorders, one of which is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD is an anxiety disorder associated with invasive thoughts, impulses and urges which can cause severe anxiety for an individual. These obsessive thoughts can then cause the individual to actRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Lila And Eve Essay1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe midst of a gang war over turf Lila s oldest son Stephen was killed walking home, he was at the wrong place at the wrong time. At first Lila was in denile, then she felt guilty then after the guilt she was angry. These are some of the basic symptoms of grief. It was not until she met Ã¢â¬Å"EveÃ¢â¬ that she started to actually come to terms with her son Stephens death. One of the main reasons for her anger was that the police officers that was overseeing her case seemed not to care. To them StephenRead MoreOcd - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment131367 Words Ã |Ã 526 PagesCOGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR OCD This page intentionally left blank COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR OCD DAVID A. CLARK THE GUILFORD PRESS New York London Ã © 2004 The Guilford Press A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc. 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012 www.guilford.com All rights reserved Paperback edition 2007 Except as noted, no part of this book may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Due to the economic strife the American public knows all too well what a recession is. It is economic hardship that has led to the loss of thousands of jobs and businesses. This economic hardship has led to many people losing their homes, cars and other valuables. Why is it that when the Obama administration talks about the recession they refer to it as Ã¢â¬Å"The Bank Stabilization Plan.Ã¢â¬ (Stewart) Something that has caused the total meltdown of the American Economy being referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"The Bank Stabilization PlanÃ¢â¬ (Stewart) seems outright ludicrous. Even if they are in the process of fixing the problem, the government insists on using modest language to confuse the public into believing that the issue is not a huge problem; Just aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Whether or not the war was being fought to Ã¢â¬Å"eliminateÃ¢â¬ terrorist, who are a threat to the United States and to Ã¢â¬Å"eliminateÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"weapons of mass destructionÃ¢â¬ is unknown. After the 9/11 attacks many rumors were spread on the honesty and true reason behind the war. However they are all rumors, no facts were ever found to back them up. While Ã¢â¬Å"the war on terrorÃ¢â¬ may seem like a very convincing term, the truth of the matter is that it is just another war. A war that is being fought in Iraq, where not everyone is a terrorist, where not everyone had something to do with the World Trade Center attacks. Thanks to the term Ã¢â¬Å"the war on terrorÃ¢â¬ many Muslims, Afghans, and other races were immediately characterized as terrorist. This is a perfect example of Ã¢â¬Å"pretentious dictionÃ¢â¬ , Bush used words such as Ã¢â¬Å"eliminateÃ¢â¬ to describe what they were supposedly going to be doing in Iraq. In the 9/11 attacks Ã¢â¬Å"weapons of mass destructionÃ¢â¬ were not even used, unless you can classify airplanes as weapons of mass destruction. Why should the public of the United States, be convinced that the people who organize d this crude act, have accessibility to these so called weapons? Bush used pretentious diction to tip-toe around the subject and get is point across in a way that seemed to be in the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s best interest. As if the term Ã¢â¬Å"war onShow MoreRelatedPolarization Between American Politics And Politics1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespolarization can be a bit murky. Inferring from the term itself, one could say that polarization in American politics refers to a widening of the gap between what could be called the average left-wing and right-wing politician, voter, or ideology on a standard political spectrum. Another examination of the term could result in a definition regarding the lack of cooperation between the two major American political parties. Although, it would be more accurate to say that both examinations of the termRead MoreWhy Americans Hate Politics Essay1015 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen I hear the word Ã¢â¬Å"politicsÃ¢â¬ I cringe and really try to avoid any situat ion where that topic may come up. Today it has become a topic to be avoided at all costs in conversation with those you live with, work with, or are friends with. It can very easily ruin friendships, create hostile tensions in the work place, or break up marriages. What is the cause of this? That is a very good question and can have many different answers for many different people. Personally, I am not very involvedRead MoreWhy Americans Hate Politics And Politicians886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNelsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Why Americans Hate Politics And Politicians, the author presents some very compelling evidence as to why Americans generally detest modern government. He cites several historically recent political scandals as potential explanations for the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s mistrust of politicians. He blames the modern American political culture as well as the various public media hosts who frequently diabolize politicians and denounce their political actions. He also alludes to the common American theme of displacingRead MoreAmerican Politics During The United States Essay860 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmerican Politics in American Culture: An Analysis of Political Apathy in the U.S. In the United States, the popular appeal of freedom, citizen action, and political diversity is a common theme in the media, yet many Americans do not seem to actively pursue their political interests as a way of life. Culturally, the expectations of freedom and democracy are common in American politics, but an underlying lack of motivation to follow these principles is more commonplace in the culture of AmericanRead MoreAmerican Politics Analysis And Perspective By Ken Kollman1779 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn chapter 5 of, Readings In American Politics Analysis and Perspective by Ken Kollman, David R. Mayhew poses the question of Ã¢â¬Å"what would Congress look like if its members were only interested in re-election?Ã¢â¬ Mayhew poses this question as a pretext for his theories on this topic and uses it to form his own viewpoint based off of his experiences in the realm of domestic politics, more specifically Capital Hill. Directly after Mayhew poses this question, he answers it by saying that members wouldRead MoreThe Role of Special Interest Groups in American Politics Essay1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTHE ROLE OF SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS IN AMERICAN POLITICS Like political parties, pressure groups can be considered another system that connects the citizen more directly to government. However, at the same instant there are marked differences in both composition and function that define interest groups as different entities from larger political parties. According to V.O. Key Jr. in a composition appropriately entitled Pressure Groups; pressure groups OrdinarilyÃâ¦ concern themselves with onlyRead MoreDetrimental Effect of Television on American Politics Essay examples1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthis image-addiction can be placed on the age of television, that wonderful little machine that brings every important event, whether that is a football championship game or the speech of a political candidate, to any American that desires it. Although this ability to allow all Americans personal access to political campaigns does serve a purpose, it has also reduced the serious business of being chosen to run the country into a contest of show manship. Television has done one thing right, at the veryRead MoreEssay on The Role of Special Interest Groups in American Politics1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages THE ROLE OF SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS IN AMERICAN POLITICS nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Like political parties, pressure groups can be considered another system that connects the citizen more directly to government. However, at the same instant there are marked differences in both composition and function that define interest groups as different entities from larger political parties. According to V.O. Key Jr. in a composition appropriately entitled Pressure Groups; pressure groups Ã¢â¬Å"OrdinarilyÃ¢â¬ ¦Read MoreIntroduction Into American Politics : An Understanding And Insight On Political Reform793 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStephen Kress Professor Messmer Introduction into American Politics 30 November 2015 Political Reform After reading and researching through the websites provided I was able to gain more of an understanding and insight on political reform. When you hear the word Ã¢â¬Å"reformÃ¢â¬ we think of possibly, improvement, or of an amendment of what is mistaken, corrupt, and even potentially unacceptable. We want to improve the laws and agreement with prospects of the public. Throughout my research of politicalRead MoreAmerican Politics And The Declaration Of Independence Essay1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto the people of the country play out. The unifying factor of what I believe American politics is, is the development to live up to these ideals and values. It is a nation built on the stifling of true, direct, democracy of the masses, built upon favoring wealth and an elitist system, but despite all this, it takes its Creed very seriously. Though interpretations may differ on how this is accomplished, the basic politics surrounding the United States, combined with a shared national identity and history
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Main character in the movie. Was wrongfully sent to prison for the murder of his wife. Andy did not commit the crime; he was simply at the murder scene in his car. He was going to kill them both but he was held back. Someone else killed his wife and her lover and Andy was blamed. -Ellis Ã¢â¬Å"RedÃ¢â¬ Redding- the man who can get you anything in prison. Red was AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend and the only guilty man at Shawshank Prison. Red kept Andy sane for most of the movie by being his friend and getting him what he wants/needs. Warden Samuel Norton- Warden at Shawshank Prison; although he is the warden, he shows special interest towards Andy and uses him for his skills. -Tommy Williams- Young and fresh criminal who comes to Shawshank who knows the Identity of the real killer in AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s case. Tommy is assassinated because of his knowledge on the topic. Seeing them lying down, looking relaxed on top of the prison is an important part in conveying the scenes idea of liberty. Another camera shot used in this scene is a close up shot of Andy sitting by himself while watching the other prisoners drink beer. This particular shot is used to show the emotions on the characters face and in this case it shows Andy looking content as he has brought freedom to the other prisoners. The fact that he is sitting away from the rest of the prisoners shows that he is different; he retains hope and wants to retain a sense of freedom. The last camera shot I have analysed is when we hear RedÃ¢â¬â¢s voice over the camera is on Red but he is seen with the guards in the background blurred over his shoulder. This technique shows that no matter how Ã¢â¬ËfreeÃ¢â¬â¢ you feel, there will always be the Ã¢â¬ËinstitutionalisedÃ¢â¬â¢ mentality to these prisoners. Aw for the audience, you also feel sorry for the prisoners. Even though they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t in their cells, the guards watching them in the background gives you the feeling that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re still trapped and they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t as free as they feel. The lighting in the beer on the roof scene plays an important part in conveying the idea of freedom and the difference of being inside the prison and out on top of the roof. The scene is clearly set near the evening as it gives off a warm yellow lighting on top of the roof. The sudden sunlight urrounding the prisoners in the rooftop scene appeals to human empathy and causes the audience to share the joy and relief felt by these metaphorical Ã¢â¬ËfreemenÃ¢â¬â¢ as they hold on to this hint of normality. The sun gives a golden effect to the scene and reinforces the voice over from Red, Ã¢â¬Å"We sat and drank under the sun on our shoulders and felt like free menÃ¢â¬ . The director has combined the voice over of Red and the warmer, hom e-like light tells the audience that this is an unusual occurrence for the prisoners as we are so used to seeing them in the dark lit prisons. RedÃ¢â¬â¢s voice over in this film is important to express the thoughts of the prisoners for the audience to understand how free they felt on the roof. As Red talks, itÃ¢â¬â¢s almost as if the camera pans around the roof to the pace of his voice to make the audience feel relaxed like Red. RedÃ¢â¬â¢s voice over offers and guides the audience an insight for example when he says, Ã¢â¬Å"You could argue heÃ¢â¬â¢d done it to curry favour with the guardsÃ¢â¬ ¦Me? I think he did it to feel normal again, if only for a short whileÃ¢â¬ , but even in the voice over, AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s true thoughts are something of a mystery. One of the most important pieces of dialogue in the rooftop scene is when one of AndyÃ¢â¬â¢s inmates offers him a beer and Andy says Ã¢â¬Å"No thanks, gave up drinkingÃ¢â¬ . This line is very significant as it shows that is was purely a selfless act from Andy to make the prisoners feel free and have hope for once. He stood to gain nothing from giving them beer and this helped him achieve some status with the guards and the other inmates. Also, on the night of his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, Andy was drinking and that piece of evidence played a part in him being sent to prison. Darabont has made this link to why he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to drink; he was not of his right mind when he was drinking. In conclusion, the rooftop scene is definitely one of the most important scenes in Ã¢â¬ËThe Shawshank RedemptionÃ¢â¬â¢ as it is the point where his plan to escape begins. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s gaining the trust of the guards and the warden, which allows him the liberty to do what he wants. It is one of the only scenes in the film in which the camera shots, lighting, voice over and dialogue all come together to present the ideas and themes of liberty.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Bangladesh Police Institution Sustainable democracy offers a practical sketch map for intellectual development and political maturity. Besides, sustainable democracy ensures reliable governance and democratic issue base confrontation of challenges affecting the citizens from insecurity, social justice, and respect of human rights.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Bangladesh Police Institution specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reflectively, sustainable democracy as a concept of institutional approach in reforms, offers a solution based management of government institutions. The government of Bangladesh remains a struggling state in sustainable democracy due to failed institutional approach to offering alternative solutions to its dwindling democratic space, despite having begun as a democratic state in 1971. Among the key institutions responsible for promoting democracy include the police, political party management, and the media (Przeworski 23). This paper will concentrate on the police institution reform in order to make the police institution free of corruption, compromise, and injustices to the citizens. Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly identify issues within the policing institution of Bangladesh that directly and indirectly affect sustainable democratization of the administrative and social system of the Bangladesh state. Besides, the paper explore the current positon of police institution in promoting justice, maintaining law and order and promoting social cohesion through constructive interventionist approach to democratization and freedom of expression, association, and right to justice. In addition, the treatise reveals relevant recommendations on an alternative approach in reform agenda in the policing institution. The national Bangladesh police have its head quarter in Dhaka and are accountable to the government regime in power. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) oversees and controls appoin tments, police budget, and transfer of officers. The police institution is divided into the Special Branch (SB), the Criminal Investigation Department (CID), and the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) mandated with the responsibility of promoting order, detecting, and investigating crimes within the borders of Bangladesh. The police institution in Bangladesh is mandated by the constitution to protect basic human rights through maintaining and enforcing law and order.Advertising Looking for report on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The police force comprises of about 123,197 trained officers distributed across the state of Bangladesh against the civilian population 153 million. Therefore, every police officer is supposed to serve 1,200 people at any given time. Reflectively, Ã¢â¬Å"There is a shortage of police here; itÃ¢â¬â¢s an ongoing crisis. How can we be expected to tackle crime when there are more crimin als than police? A criminal can walk freely because he knows that we donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the manpower to arrest himÃ¢â¬ (International Crisis Group 18). This is almost three times higher than the recommended ratio by the United Nations at 1:450. As part of the larger Judicial system, Police institution is at the bottom line in making arrests, organizing prosecution charges, and assisting the judicial panel in justice delivery. Besides, the Police institution is in the forefront in promoting cohesion through public relations exercise which promises confidentiality and non-victimization (Przeworski 38). However, this is not the case in Bangladesh policing institution. Historically, the tumultuous occurrences since the independence of Bangladesh indicate that its policing institution has remained a puppet for the political class and wealthy elites in the society. Despite being at the baseline of democratization, due to the fact that the institution directly interacts with the public, series of human rights compromises have been noted especially in the last one decade. Instead of promoting freedom of speech and protecting citizens attending rallies across political parties, this institution is often inclined to a particular political activism side. According to the International Crisis Group (2009) report: After decades of misuse and neglect, BangladeshÃ¢â¬â¢s police are a source of instability and fear rather than a key component of a democratic society. Human rights abuses are endemic and almost all Bangladeshis who interact with the police complain of corruption. With an elected government in place again, there are now opportunities to reform this dysfunctional force. But there are also significant obstacles. If the government fails to move beyond the current modest reform process, the democratic transition could falter should deteriorating security give the military another chance to intervene, using, as it has in the past, the pretext of upholding law and order to justify derailing democracy. (International Crisis Group 3)Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Bangladesh Police Institution specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The policing institution of Bangladesh is known for an excellent reputation on corruption, excessive use of force and brutality in making arrests and displacing peaceful protests, and incompetence. Despite the fact that the previous regimes are aware and have acknowledged the many fundamental flaws, none has put the need for police reforms within their policy and democratic manifesto. Ã¢â¬Å"Whether the necessity has been fighting crime or tackling terrorists, successive administrations have relied on half measures and quick fixes usually involving the military rather than reforming the police as a long-term solutionÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom House: Civil Liabilities in BangladeshÃ¢â¬ par. 7). Ironically, it is unfortunate that most international donors who are out to please the political regime of the day. In some cases, the international donors have been accused of undertaking the short sighted measures that only serve to prolong interests of the regime in power. Despite serious cries for reform in the policing institution, the short sighted measures often succeed in suppressing the outcry while at the same time promote culture of impunity by increased crime rates. Due to the inefficiencies in the police unit, military personnel have used the same as excuse to have more influence and control of civilian affairs as evident in the military coup of January 2007 supposedly inspired by police inefficiency to protect the public. Though the current Awami League government had incorporated police reforms as one of the immediate agenda in their manifesto, the same government lacks good will and interest on the reforming this institution. As a matter of fact, Ã¢â¬Å"it has shown no interest in repealing or amending the current police law, the Police Act of 1861, a colonial-era legal hangover designed primarily to keep imperial IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s subjects in lineÃ¢â¬ (Uddin 32). Actually, the law of Bangladesh gives the government regime of the day full control mandate over the police who are often used by the government of the day to suppress and control the opposition instead of independent service to all citizens. For instance, Prime Minister Sheik HasinaÃ¢â¬â¢s administration adopted same tactics of her predecessors to pocket the policing institution for her personal disposal on Ã¢â¬ËerrantÃ¢â¬â¢ opposition and protesting civilians.Advertising Looking for report on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ã¢â¬Å"Even if the prime minister and her administration were to change tack, any move to insulate the force from politicization and increase accountability would be met with strong opposition from the bureaucracy and the business community, both of which have a history of exploiting weaknesses in the police organizationÃ¢â¬ (Uddin 29). Reflectively, the most powerful and those in a position to reform the policing institution are often reluctant due to external forces and personal interests which are placed above the national interests. These powerful political and business actors continue to thrive in impunity and selfishness since the current policing institution lacks structures to function independently in service delivery. Moreover, the current regime is very reluctant to UNDP sponsored development program aimed at promoting democracy through the Police Reform Program (PRR). Ironically, the retired and serving senior policemen in Bangladesh policing institution are against t he program claiming that it lacks the comprehensiveness in implementation despite the fact that they are aware of underlying issues that has stagnated the police force. In a surprising move, nearly all the retired senior police officers Ã¢â¬Å"suggest that the PRP is not aimed at transforming the police into a modern, disciplined force able to serve and protect citizens, but is rather a costlyÃ¢â¬â and questionably effective Ã¢â¬â set of administrative modificationsÃ¢â¬ (Uddin 34). Democratization process is often expensive and requires support from all players in order to assert a long lasting solution. Despite the support from the neighboring country; India, lack of good will from the current regime has almost stalled the reforms agenda in the police institution. Unfortunately, the police force remains unaccountable and incompetent. This has created a comfortable breeding ground for extremist groups to propel their interest of threatening stability with an excuse of liber ating the citizens of Bangladesh. Besides, should this happen, this small state would suffer from a state of resilience characterized by high magnitudes of corruption scandals, insecurity, and complete abandonment of the democratic gains into another undemocratic military rule. Lack of democracy will in turn result in deterioration of other support institutions mandated with economic planning, globalization, and healthcare since funds meant for these sectors may be swindled and channeled to non prioritized spending. At present, a comprehensive reform in the Bangladesh police force seems dim and unrealistic. This is due to the fact that the current laws operate on the oppressive 1967 bill on police responsibility and limits which merely was developed to protect the royal regime of the era. There is no law to provide legal direction on crucial reforms in government institutions. Besides, the stopgap and remedial measures proposed by the UNDP are inadequate and non inclusive in the fig ht for democratization and reform of the police institution to operate independently and fairly to the citizens of Bangladesh. Ã¢â¬Å"Without a law enshrining democratic principles of policing, many of the modest improvements made over the past two years to the police organization are subject to reversalÃ¢â¬ ( International Crisis Group 3). Reforms in the policing institution of Bangladesh are crucial for short term and long term social, security, economic, and democratic development. Since the current police force has suffered public distrust due to series of accusations on police extortion, brutality, and participant approach in serving the citizens, the reform agenda should reflect the will of the people and promote democratic space. The police have dismally failed in their duty as defined by the constitution to maintain law and order. Unfortunately, this situation has made some individuals or communities Ã¢â¬Å"to take the law into their own hands and will drive disenfranchise d individuals and groups to join anti-government elementsÃ¢â¬ (International Crisis Group 6). Recommended Reforms In order to promote morale and better working conditions in the police force, it is important to increase their salary and improve their housing. Due to dismal wages paid to them by the public service, most officers has little option apart from engaging in other activities such as corruption to cover financial short fall. For instance Ã¢â¬Å"the monthly pay and allowances of the IGP, the highest ranking in the force, amounts to Tk23,000 ($333); at the very bottom of the pay scale, the monthly salary of a police constable is only Tk5,410 ($78.50)Ã¢â¬ (International Crisis Group 4). Therefore, most officers have to serve under depressive conditions with minimal financial reward. This paints an abysmal picture and drive down police moral. As a result, they easily become a pray for the rich business men and politicians who pay Ã¢â¬Ëspecial feesÃ¢â¬â¢ for protection of their illegal activities and suppressing opponents. Bureaucratic and political interference remain the highest efficiency impediment in the police reform agenda. Political interference result into atrocities such as illegal detention, torture, death in custody, and large scale corruption. This results in universal disdain by the public who may become unresponsive and politicize every unfortunate incident as a reflection of the desire of a social clique who can afford to Ã¢â¬ËpocketÃ¢â¬â¢ police officers. According to Transparency International, Ã¢â¬Å"96.6 per cent of BangladeshÃ¢â¬â¢s households that interacted with law enforcement agencies experienced some form of corruption. Roughly 65 per cent of households paid an average of Tk3, 940 ($57) in bribes over a one year period to police officers for various servicesÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom House: Civil Liabilities in BangladeshÃ¢â¬ par. 5). Therefore, the parliament should amend the 1967 policing bill to institutionalize payments that are to be made in police stations. Besides, an independent watch dog should be incorporated besides the police institution to monitor and investigate claims of corruption by the public. Administration capacity and bureaucratic tendencies define success of reform in the police force. It is not only necessary, by very agent to overhaul the current administrative authority in the police institution which mainly consist of sympathizers of the current regime and those strategically placed in higher offices to defend individual interest. In a large scale scrutiny of the current police head, the independent police reforms commission will be in a position to eliminate potential status quo supporters and replace them with more qualified, experienced, and better paid officers. Besides, the police reform agenda should recommend the transformation and rebranding the police force to win confidence of the citizens of Bangladesh. Besides, the new post reforms police force should org anize series of public meeting and interactive forums to help foster unity of purpose and affirm the spirit of secrecy to whistle blowers and those who offer information on corruption cases, abuse of office, and unethical political plans. Conclusively, sustainable democratization is achievable when issues such as corruption, unaccountability, insecurity, unfairness, and abuse of human rights are controlled. Police force is a very important democratization institution in Bangladesh. This is due to the fact that policemen have daily and direct contact with the citizens. Incidences of politicization of government institutions such as the police have seriously reverse gains made on democracy in Bangladesh. Since the police force is answerable the government regime of the day, the current policing institution of Bangladesh has become a political tool for suppressing democracy through torture of the opposition adherents, massive corruption, unaccountability, and protection of certain clas s form prosecution. The reform agenda to reverse these challenges lie in transforming the current policing institution into an independent entity with better housing, salaries, training, and support from the public. Freedom House: Civil Liabilities in Bangladesh 2012. Web. https://freedomhouse.org/ International Crisis Group 2009. Bangladesh: Getting Police Reform on Track. PDF file. 10 April. 2012. https://www.crisisgroup.org/asia/south-asia/bangladesh/bangladesh-getting-police-reform-track Przeworski, Adam. Sustainable Democracy. London: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Print. Uddin, Gias. The Politics of Police Reform in Bangladesh. SaarbrÃ ¼cken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011. Print.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Devine wind essays Very few novels change the way we think about an issue but they do help to inform and shape our view about that issue. In the narrative titled Divine Wind by Garry Disher racism against the indigenous people of Broome is a major issue portrayed through the narrative point of view, events and characters. The basis of racism is that the dominant group in society (white Anglo Saxon males) make assumptions based solely on skin colour. In the narrative Divine Wind these assumptions include that aboriginal people have lesser values and lack moral standards and decent behaviour. In the Devine Wind Derby an aboriginal character represents the aboriginal people of Broome in the 1940s and we are positioned as the reader to sympathise with them. Derby is portrayed in the novel as being rather shy, harmless and childlike. My first instinct was to conjure up a mental image of Derby Boxer and search for the violence in, but all I could see in my minds eye was a shy man who was scared of hard work and liked to watch cowboy films. The issue of racism is most apparent in the narrative event of Derbys trial where he is charged with the rape of a girl Kitty and a fabricated confession is made. Judge Killian assumes in the trial that aboriginal people are alcoholics and violent when under the influence of alcohol. Alcohol and the black fellow dont mix Another assumption that is made at the trial is that that aboriginal people are unable to control their feelings. When ONeil asked derby kitty why he hit her. Derby apparently responds, She was eyeing all the other blokes There is also an implicit assumption that aboriginal people are not gainfully employed and prefer to spend their time drinking with mates. These assumptions position the reader to sympathise with derby and the aboriginal because of the racist assumptions. Also in th ...
Monday, February 24, 2020
Religion and War in the New Testament - Essay Example This is, however, blurry when it comes to the Ã¢â¬Å"just warÃ¢â¬ . Many religions believe in a just war whereby is necessary an unavoidable in order to protect its followers from persecution. In the New Testament, Christians at that time were taught to Ã¢â¬Å"Turn the other cheekÃ¢â¬ when confronted by another (Mathew 5.39). It was also Jesus who barred his disciple from using a sword to fight the soldiers who were there to capture Jesus. This clearly shows that Jesus was against violence. Christians usually follow the teachings of Jesus, but this is one of the many facts that have been overlooked. Many argue that each state of affairs is special and should be independently analyzed. This may be true, but it creates possibilities for loopholes. There are people who take advantage of such situations to push for their own agenda. Although many armed conflicts may portray a hint of religious concern in their fight, there are always some underlying issues like power struggles, inequality, resources, oppression and ethnicity. Each of these factors is usually made worse by the other. However, despite the main reason for the armed conflict it is important to remember that war has moral repercussions. Many armed conflict use religion to seek mass and unquestionable support from their unsuspecting followers. In this way, they can push their agenda without question. They exploit the ignorance and the sincerity of the people towards their religion. At this point, one may be inclined to think that, without religion, there would be no wars. Without religion wars would still be fought, but for other reasons. War comes naturally to humans. People would still fight over positions, possessions etc. Religion, despite the fact that it is seen as a war catalyst, is the same one that presents to humans another idea of peace. Without religion, the idea of peace would not exist. Peace, unlike war, is not natural to humans.