Saturday, February 8, 2020
Geography discuss from the telegraph to the internet from the point of view of spaces and subjects of modernty - Essay Example As early as 3500 B.C., the Chinese people were busy using written alphabets and printing messages on paperlike material which was used to pass messages across long distances with the postal service that began around 900 B.C. This printed form of language was bound into books beginning around 100 A.D. The shortened form of books, newspapers, began appearing in the cities as early as 1450, but the typewriter wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t invented until 1714. All of these methods of communication were effective, even to pass messages across space and time, but they all required the human component to transport them in order to be effective. Joseph Henry invented the first telegraph in 1831 which broke this long-standing restriction, allowing messages to be passed as quickly as a signal could be sent over a wire. Alexander Graham Bell reasoned that if a single sound could be sent via wire, why not a range of sounds, such as a human voice? He perfected his telephone in 1876 and the wires were in place for the first transcontinental phone call to be made in 1914. Things pretty much remained the same on the communications front for a while as inventors explored the possibilities of other forms of communication such as radio, photography, cinema and television (Rowland, 1997). About the time that television was becoming household equipment, the first computers were becoming available for scientific use. As early as 1951, they were being produced and sold on the general market. However, computers as a communication tool didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really become an option until the advent of APRANET, the first form of a networked internet that was developed in 1969. These connections were made faster with the introduction of cable wire services in 1972 (Rowland, 1997). At this point, communications methods began speeding up, constantly changing and improving efficiency. In Japan in 1979, the
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
On Site vs Online Classes Essay In assessment of online and classroom (on-ground) knowledge gives specific students that has interest according to how they learn. Taking online classes for me works so much better because I can go at my own pace. After doing some research online I found that there is a debate regarding the matter of online classes vs. traditional classrooms. At a point in time I recently had a debate on their opinion in classroom learning and the online classes. Their opinion has given me a better understanding on the format in relation with on ground classroom setting. Although I feel strongly about my online courses my friend says they will never stop attending school on site. As I continue on I will state the difference of the classroom setting, online classes, and the summary response towards from the textbook. As well as, give some example of the differences between older and younger students attending traditional classroom and online classes. The classroom setting has human contact which might be better for interaction purposes. With the professor there in person they can better explain things that might get misunderstood through typing in an email or on the class discussions. This could also be said for the classmates in your class, who are trying to make their point understood. A classroom for some has less distraction which makes it easier to do class work, reading assignments, and homework that may not get done due to work schedule or lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s unexpected turns. Also a classroom setting has more of a community feeling, everyone bands together to understand one another and their differences. For example, when youÃ¢â¬â¢re asked to participate in group activities you try and co-inside with your teammates in order to get a reasonable grade even if your opinions are different. As an online student I find it very easy to study and process all information that is needed. Being able to work on my own and on my own pace is challenging, but not able to physically to get hands on help from an instructor is complicated. Having trouble with some problems and school questions can be very complicated due to the fact that speaking with an instructor through email and not receiving the information right way or getting direction makes it really hard to get a better understanding on how things can be done. Last but not least receiving information is not enough because the due date for assignments for class is not the same for online courses. Making an effort to continue with education is had when I am in need with extra help. Positive outlook on this is being able to work and still spend all the time I can with my children. In summary of the text question is that I have learned in my online course being that it is very hard and challenging, but the passion I have to better my childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s future as well as for myself. Starting online classes has scared me because of the fact that I really thought it was going to very advance with no help. Being that I have already started this course I have came to understand that online is not as hard as I made it seem in the beginning. I am very interested due to the fact that I already have a plan for my familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ future. Showing that I have the passion to care for my family and to be the provider that I am gives me the power to finish in something I started by working, online classes, and being the single mother that I am. Continuing on with this course I am able to speak to my fellow classmates as well as for the tutor we have online to process all information. These are some summaries that I have on this course. In conclusion I have notice that I carry many thoughts in this subject. The audience that have received they have a busy life just like myself. Letting them know that this subject is hard but hard work pays off also being able to spend time with work and family while being enroll in school. An online class gives you the opportunity to be able to live normal life but process all information that is needed. My audience has given me questions that I have asked myself how I can get help when the responses are not as immediately response that we need. The purpose of this subject s being able to process all information that is needed to get through a better writing skill and having a better way to be more accurate in all materials. The end results is to being able to write all my writing materials a lot better than before, more meaningful, and have better ability to write all papers. With this is a gives me understanding in difference of the online classes to just make the choice to contin ue on a path of achievement. According to Carron Jackson, for those of us who are 18-21 we may be better in a college campus because of the social atmosphere it provides. She also states that for those of us who are older and have families and jobs, college is viewed as an education not a social life. Jackson continues with the common reasons as to adults returning to school and 18-21 year olds enrolling in school. She says that adults go back to get higher salary, career advancement and personal growth. 18-21 year olds go because of the pressures from parents, teachers, guidance counselors, for parties with peers, and an actual desire for higher learning to earn a college degree. This debate could continue on until we are blue in the face, some like online classes other prefer traditional classrooms. I really think it has to do with comfort and our learning styles. In conclusion, I have learned that just from my experience alone both ways of studying for me is better on ground classes. Being that everybody learning habits are best understood as a student on an on ground class this will show in the difference of the grade. With this capability we as individuals learning is a great thing, but knowing that learning ways fits well with what helps each person at the end of it all. In many points for me my grade is better as an on ground class then in online classes even though I enjoy both studying moments.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Manipulation of Youth by Dictators Influencing people at a young age is one tactic used by Hitler in Nazi Germany and by Big Brother in 1984 to keep the future of their nations devoted. This tactic is made evident in Nazi Germany and in 1984 by the youth organizations set up by both dictatorsÃ¢â¬â¢. These organizations make their youth feel like they are involved. Both Hitler and Big Brother have ways to brainwash the youth into following. The Spies in 1984 and the Hitler Youth in Nazi Germany grow up living the way that their dictator had set up and for the rest of their lives they will be faithful and devoted; itÃ¢â¬â¢s the only way that they know. These tactics are especially cruel because the youth have no way of knowing whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going to happen, it just seems like the right thing to do at the time. The reason Hitler and Big BrotherÃ¢â¬â¢s manipulation of the youth is so intriguing is because it is purely elementary. From the time that children are born they look up to older kids so itÃ¢â¬â¢s not surprising when the youth of a nation looked to their elders to gain direction. In Nazi Germany Hitler was emerging as the dominant figure so naturally the youth looked up and wanted to be a part of his organizations. The Hitler Youth was a well-run organization built on discipline and loyalty. After the children were enrolled in the Hitler Youth, members were given a uniform, which may have been their first. Immediately they respond with a feeling of importance; they are now associated with Hitler and the Nazi Party, the most influential group in all of Germany. Ã¢â¬Å"They were children, thirteen and fourteen years old, tiny undernourished boys who remembered no other government than his and who still trusted and believed.Ã¢â¬ As the group grew larger, it became more prestigious and powerful. The same is true for the Spies in 1984. These childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s whole lives are directed towards remaini ng loyal to Big Brother. Their elders worship him and the children follow. As soon as they put on the blue shorts, grey shirt and red hanker chief of the Spies it gives them a feeling of importance in the society they are living in; this is similar to Nazi Germany. At the time, the children think they are doing the right thing, but eventually they will be so brainwashed by Big Brother that they will no longer be able to think for themselves, whether his decisions are positive or negative will no longer matter.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Thinking of Renesmee brought her to that center-stage place in my strange, new, and roomy but distractible mind. So many questions. Ã¢â¬Å"Tell me about her,Ã¢â¬ i insisted as he took my hand. Being linked barely slowed us. Ã¢â¬Å"She's like nothing else in the world,Ã¢â¬ he told me, and the sound of an almost religious devotion was there again in his voice. I felt a sharp pang of jealousy over this stranger. He knew her and I did not. It wasn't fair. Ã¢â¬Å"How much is she like you? How much like me? Or like I was, anyway.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It seems a fairly even divide.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She was warm-blooded,Ã¢â¬ I remembered. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. She has a heartbeat, though it runs a little bit faster than a human's. Her temperature is a little bit hotter than usual, too. She sleeps.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Really?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Quite well for a newborn. The only parents in the world who don't need sleep, and our child already sleeps through the night.Ã¢â¬ He chuckled. I liked the way he said our child. The words made her more real. Ã¢â¬Å"She has exactly your color eyes Ã¢â¬â so that didn't get lost, after all.Ã¢â¬ He smiled at me. Ã¢â¬Å"They're so beautiful.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And the vampire parts?Ã¢â¬ I asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Her skin seems about as impenetrable as ours. Not that anyone would dream of testing that.Ã¢â¬ I blinked at him, a little shocked. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course no one would,Ã¢â¬ he assured me again. Ã¢â¬Å"Her dietÃ¢â¬ ¦ well, she prefers to drink blood. Carlisle continues to try to persuade her to drink some baby formula, too, but she doesn't have much patience with it. Can't say that I blame her Ã¢â¬â nasty-smelling stuff, even for human food.Ã¢â¬ I gaped openly at him now. He made it sound like they were having conversations. Ã¢â¬Å"Persuade her?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She's intelligent, shockingly so, and progressing at an immense pace. Though she doesn't speak Ã¢â¬â yet Ã¢â¬â she communicates quite effectively.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Doesn't. Speak. YetÃ¢â¬ He slowed our pace further, letting me absorb this. Ã¢â¬Å"What do you mean, she communicates effectively?Ã¢â¬ I demanded. Ã¢â¬Å"I think it will be easier for you toÃ¢â¬ ¦ see for yourself. It's rather difficult to describe.Ã¢â¬ I considered that. I knew there was a lot that I needed to see for myself before it would be real. I wasn't sure how much more I was ready for, so I changed the subject. Ã¢â¬Å"Why is Jacob still here?Ã¢â¬ I asked. Ã¢â¬Å"How can he stand it? Why should he?Ã¢â¬ My ringing voice trembled a little. Ã¢â¬Å"Why should he have to suffer more?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Jacob isn't suffering,Ã¢â¬ he said in a strange new tone. Ã¢â¬Å"Though I might be willing to change his condition,Ã¢â¬ Edward added through his teeth. Ã¢â¬Å"Edward!Ã¢â¬ I hissed, yanking him to a stop (and feeling a little thrill of smugness that I was able to do it). Ã¢â¬Å"How can you say that? Jacob has given up everything to protect us! What I've put him through Ã¢â¬â !Ã¢â¬ I cringed at the dim memory of shame and guilt. It seemed odd now that I had needed him so much then. That sense of absence without him near had vanished; it must have been a human weakness. Ã¢â¬Å"You'll see exactly how I can say that,Ã¢â¬ Edward muttered. Ã¢â¬Å"I promised him that I would let him explain, but I doubt you'll see it much differently than I do. Of course, I'm often wrong about your thoughts, aren't I?Ã¢â¬ He pursed his lips and eyed me. Ã¢â¬Å"Explain what?Ã¢â¬ Edward shook his head. Ã¢â¬Å"I promised. Though I don't know if I really owe him anything at all anymore. . . .Ã¢â¬ His teeth ground together. Ã¢â¬Å"Edward, I don't understand.Ã¢â¬ Frustration and indignation took over my head. He stroked my cheek and then smiled gently when my face smoothed out in response, desire momentarily overruling annoyance. Ã¢â¬Å"It's harder than you make it look, I know. I remember.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I don't like feeling confused.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I know. And so let's get you home, so that you can see it all for yourself.Ã¢â¬ His eyes ran over the remains of my dress as he spoke of going home, and he frowned. Ã¢â¬Å"Hmm.Ã¢â¬ After a half second of thought, he unbuttoned his white shirt and held it out for me to put my arms through. Ã¢â¬Å"That bad?Ã¢â¬ He grinned. I slipped my arms into his sleeves and then buttoned it swiftly over my ragged bodice. Of course, that left him without a shirt, and it was impossible not to find that distracting. Ã¢â¬ËTil race you,Ã¢â¬ I said, and then cautioned, Ã¢â¬Å"no throwing the game this time!Ã¢â¬ He dropped my hand and grinned. Ã¢â¬Å"On your mark Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Finding my way to my new home was simpler than walking down Charlie's street to my old one. Our scent left a clear and easy trail to follow, even running as fast as I could. Edward had me beat till we hit the river. I took a chance and made my leap early, trying to use my extra strength to win. Ã¢â¬Å"Ha!Ã¢â¬ I exulted when I heard my feet touch the grass first. Listening for his landing, I heard something I did not expect. Something loud and much too close. A thudding heart. Edward was beside me in the same second, his hands clamped down hard on the tops of my arms. Ã¢â¬Å"Don't breathe,Ã¢â¬ he cautioned me urgently. I tried not to panic as I froze mid-breath. My eyes were the only things that moved, wheeling instinctively to find the source of the sound. Jacob stood at the line where the forest touched the Cullens' lawn, his arms folded across his body, his jaw clenched tight. Invisible in the woods behind him, I heard now two larger hearts, and the faint crush of bracken under huge, pacing paws. Ã¢â¬Å"Carefully, Jacob,Ã¢â¬ Edward said. A snarl from the forest echoed the concern in his voice. Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe this isn't the best way Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You think it would be better to let her near the baby first?Ã¢â¬ Jacob interrupted. Ã¢â¬Å"It's safer to see how Bella does with me. I heal fast.Ã¢â¬ This was a test? To see if I could not kill Jacob before I tried to not kill Renesmee? I felt sick in the strangest way Ã¢â¬â it had nothing to do with my stomach, only my mind. Was this Edward's idea? I glanced at his face anxiously; Edward seemed to deliberate for a moment, and then his expression twisted from concern into something else. He shrugged, and there was an undercurrent of hostility in his voice when he said, Ã¢â¬Å"It's your neck, I guess.Ã¢â¬ The growl from the forest was furious this time; Leah, I had no doubt. What was with Edward? After all that we'd been through, shouldn't he have been able to feel some kindness for my best friend? I'd thought Ã¢â¬â maybe foolishly Ã¢â¬â that Edward was sort of Jacob's friend now, too. I must have misread them. But what was Jacob doing? Why would he offer himself as a test to protect Renesmee? It didn't make any sense to me. Even if our friendship had survivedÃ¢â¬ ¦ And as my eyes met Jacob's now, I thought that maybe it had. He still looked like my best friend. But he wasn't the one who had changed. What did I look like to him? Then he smiled his familiar smile, the smile of a kindred spirit, and I was sure our friendship was intact. It was just like before, when we were hanging out in his homemade garage, just two friends killing time. Easy and normal. Again, I noticed that the strange need I'd felt for him before I'd changed was completely gone. He was just my friend, the way it was supposed to be. It still made no sense what he was doing now, though. Was he really so selfless that he would try to protect me Ã¢â¬â with his own life Ã¢â¬â from doing something in an uncontrolled split second that I would regret in agony forever? That went way beyond simply tolerating what I had become, or miraculously managing to stay my friend. Jacob was one of the best people I knew, but this seemed like too much to accept from anyone. His grin widened, and he shuddered slightly. Ã¢â¬Å"I gotta say it, Bells. You're a freak show.Ã¢â¬ I grinned back, falling easily into the old pattern. This was a side of him I understood. Edward growled. Ã¢â¬Å"Watch yourself, mongrel.Ã¢â¬ The wind blew from behind me and I quickly filled my lungs with the safe air so I could speak. Ã¢â¬Å"No, he's right. The eyes are really something, aren't they?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Super-creepy. But it's not as bad as I thought it would be.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Gee Ã¢â¬â thanks for the amazing compliment!Ã¢â¬ He rolled his eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"You know what I mean. You still look like you Ã¢â¬â sort of. Maybe it's not the look so much asÃ¢â¬ ¦ you are Bella. I didn't think it would feel like you were still here.Ã¢â¬ He smiled at me again without a trace of bitterness or resentment anywhere in his face. Then he chuckled and said, Ã¢â¬Å"Anyway, I guess I'll get used to the eyes soon enough.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You will?Ã¢â¬ I asked, confused. It was wonderful that we were still friends, but it wasn't like we'd be spending much time together. The strangest look crossed his face, erasing the smile. It was almostÃ¢â¬ ¦ guilty? Then his eyes shifted to Edward. Ã¢â¬Å"Thanks,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"I didn't know if you'd be able to keep it from her, promise or not. Usually, you just give her everything she wants.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe I'm hoping she'll get irritated and rip your head off,Ã¢â¬ Edward suggested. Jacob snorted. Ã¢â¬Å"What's going on? Are you two keeping secrets from me?Ã¢â¬ I demanded, incredulous. Ã¢â¬Å"I'll explain later,Ã¢â¬ Jacob said self-consciously Ã¢â¬â like he didn't really plan on it. Then he changed the subject. Ã¢â¬Å"First, let's get this show on the road.Ã¢â¬ His grin was a challenge now as he started slowly forward. There was a whine of protest behind him, and then Leah's gray body slid out of the trees behind him. The taller, sandy-colored Seth was right behind her. Ã¢â¬Å"Cool it, guys,Ã¢â¬ Jacob said. Ã¢â¬Å"Stay out of this.Ã¢â¬ I was glad they didn't listen to him but only followed after him a little more slowly. The wind was still now; it wouldn't blow his scent away from me. He got close enough that I could feel the heat of his body in the air between us. My throat burned in response. Ã¢â¬Å"C'mon, Bells. Do your worst.Ã¢â¬ Leah hissed. I didn't want to breathe. It wasn't right to take such dangerous advantage of Jacob, no matter if he was the one offering. But I couldn't get away from the logic. How else could I be sure that I wouldn't hurt Renesmee? Tm getting older here, Bella,Ã¢â¬ Jacob taunted. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay, not technically, but you get the idea. Go on, take a whiff.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Hold on to me,Ã¢â¬ I said to Edward, cringing back into his chest. His hands tightened on my arms. I locked my muscles in place, hoping I could keep them frozen. I resolved that I would do at least as well as I had on the hunt. Worst-case scenario, I would stop breathing and run for it. Nervously, I took a tiny breath in through my nose, braced for anything. It hurt a little, but my throat was already burning dully anyway. Jacob didn't smell that much more human than the mountain lion. There was an animal edge to his blood that instantly repelled. Though the loud, wet sound of his heart was appealing, the scent that went with it made my nose wrinkle. It was actually easier with the smell to temper my reaction to the sound and heat of his pulsing blood. I took another breath and relaxed. Ã¢â¬Å"Huh. I can see what everyone's been going on about. You stink, Jacob.Ã¢â¬ Edward burst into laughter; his hands slipped from my shoulders to wrap around my waist. Seth barked a low chortle in harmony with Edward; he came a little closer while Leah retreated several paces. And then I was aware of another audience when I heard Emmett's low, distinct guffaw, muffled a little by the glass wall between us. Ã¢â¬Å"Look who's talking,Ã¢â¬ Jacob said, theatrically plugging his nose. His face didn't pucker at all while Edward embraced me, not even when Edward composed himself and whispered Ã¢â¬Å"I love youÃ¢â¬ in my ear. Jacob just kept grinning. This made me feel hopeful that things were going to be right between us, the way they hadn't been for so long now. Maybe now I could truly be his friend, since I disgusted him enough physically that he couldn't love me the same way as before. Maybe that was all that was needed. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay, so I passed, right?Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"Now are you going to tell me what this big secret is?Ã¢â¬ Jacob's expression became very nervous. Ã¢â¬Å"It's nothing you need to worry about this second___Ã¢â¬ I heard Emmett chuckle again Ã¢â¬â a sound of anticipation. I would have pressed my point, but as I listened to Emmett, I heard other sounds, too. Seven people breathing. One set of lungs moving more rapidly than the others. Only one heart fluttering like a bird's wings, light and quick. I was totally diverted. My daughter was just on the other side of that thin wall of glass. I couldn't see her Ã¢â¬â the light bounced off the reflective windows like a mirror. I could only see myself, looking very strange Ã¢â¬â so white and still Ã¢â¬â compared to Jacob. Or, compared to Edward, looking exactly right. Ã¢â¬Å"Renesmee,Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Stress made me a statue again. Renesmee wasn't going to smell like an animal. Would I put her in danger? Ã¢â¬Å"Come and see,Ã¢â¬ Edward murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"I know you can handle this.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You'll help me?Ã¢â¬ I whispered through motionless lips. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course I will.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And Emmett and Jasper Ã¢â¬â just in case?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We'll take care of you, Bella. Don't worry, we'll be ready. None of us would risk Renesmee. I think you'll be surprised at how entirely she's already wrapped us all around her little fingers. She'll be perfectly safe, no matter what.Ã¢â¬ My yearning to see her, to understand the worship in his voice, broke my frozen pose. I took a step forward. And then Jacob was in my way, his face a mask of worry. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you sure, bloodsucker?Ã¢â¬ he demanded of Edward, his voice almost pleading. I'd never heard him speak to Edward that way. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't like this. Maybe she should wait Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You had your test, Jacob.Ã¢â¬ It was Jacob's test? Ã¢â¬Å"But Ã¢â¬â ,Ã¢â¬ Jacob began. Ã¢â¬Å"But nothing,Ã¢â¬ Edward said, suddenly exasperated. Ã¢â¬Å"Bella needs to see our daughter. Get out of her way.Ã¢â¬ Jacob shot me an odd, frantic look and then turned and nearly sprinted into the house ahead of us. Edward growled. I couldn't make sense of their confrontation, and I couldn't concentrate on it, either. I could only think about the blurred child in my memory and struggle against the haziness, trying to remember her face exactly. Ã¢â¬Å"Shall we?Ã¢â¬ Edward said, his voice gentle again. I nodded nervously. He took my hand tightly in his and led the way into the house. They waited for me in a smiling line that was both welcoming and defensive. Rosalie was several paces behind the rest of them, near the front door. She was alone until Jacob joined her and then stood in front of her, closer than was normal. There was no sense of comfort in that closeness; both of them seemed to cringe from the proximity. Someone very small was leaning forward out of Rosalie's arms, peering around Jacob. Immediately, she had my absolute attention, my every thought, the way nothing else had owned them since the moment I'd opened my eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"I was out just two days?Ã¢â¬ I gasped, disbelieving. The stranger-child in Rosalie's arms had to be weeks, if not months, old. She was maybe twice the size of the baby in my dim memory, and she seemed to be supporting her own torso easily as she stretched toward me.Her shiny bronze-colored hair fell in ringlets past her shoulders. Her chocolate brown eyes examined me with an interest that was not at all childlike; it was adult, aware and intelligent. She raised one hand, reaching in my direction for a moment, and then reached back to touch Rosalie's throat. If her face had not been astonishing in its beauty and perfection, I wouldn't have believed it was the same child. My child. But Edward was there in her features, and I was there in the color of her eyes and cheeks. Even Charlie had a place in her thick curls, though their color matched Edward's. She must be ours. Impossible, but still true. Seeing this unanticipated little person did not make her more real, though. It only made her more fantastic. Rosalie patted the hand against her neck and murmured, Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, that's her.Ã¢â¬ Renesmee's eyes stayed locked on mine. Then, as she had just seconds after her violent birth, she smiled at me. A brilliant flash of tiny, perfect white teeth. Reeling inside, I took a hesitant step toward her. Everyone moved very fast. Emmett and Jasper were right in front of me, shoulder to shoulder, hands ready. Edward gripped me from behind, fingers tight again on the tops of my arms. Even Carlisle and Esme moved to get Emmett's and Jasper's flanks, while Rosalie backed to the door, her arms clutching at Renesmee. Jacob moved, too, keeping his protective stance in front of them. Alice was the only one who held her place. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, give her some credit,Ã¢â¬ she chided them. Ã¢â¬Å"She wasn't going to do anything. You'd want a closer look, too.Ã¢â¬ Alice was right. I was in control of myself. I'd been braced for anything Ã¢â¬â for a scent as impossibly insistent as the human smell in the woods. The temptation here was really not comparable. Renesmee's fragrance was perfectly balanced right on the line between the scent of the most beautiful perfume and the scent of the most delicious food. There was enough of the sweet vampire smell to keep the human part from being overwhelming. I could handle it. I was sure. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm okay,Ã¢â¬ I promised, patting Edward's hand on my arm. Then I hesitated and added, Ã¢â¬Å"Keep close, though, just in case.Ã¢â¬ Jasper's eyes were tight, focused. I knew he was taking in my emotional climate, and I worked on settling into a steady calm. I felt Edward free my arms as he read Jasper's assessment. But, though Jasper was getting it firsthand, he didn't seem as certain. When she heard my voice, the too-aware child struggled in Rosalie's arms, reaching toward me. Somehow, her expression managed to look impatient. Ã¢â¬Å"Jazz, Em, let us through. Bella's got this.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Edward, the risk Ã¢â¬â ,Ã¢â¬ Jasper said. Ã¢â¬Å"Minimal. Listen, Jasper Ã¢â¬â on the hunt she caught the scent of some hikers who were in the wrong place at the wrong time___Ã¢â¬ I heard Carlisle suck in a shocked breath. Esme's face was suddenly full of concern mingled with compassion. Jasper's eyes widened, but he nodded just a tiny bit, as if Edward's words answered some question in his head. Jacob's mouth screwed up into a disgusted grimace. Emmett shrugged. Rosalie seemed even less concerned than Emmett as she tried to hold on to the struggling child in her arms. Alice's expression told me that she was not fooled. Her narrowed eyes, focused with burning intensity on my borrowed shirt, seemed more worried about what I'd done to my dress than anything else. Ã¢â¬Å"Edward!Ã¢â¬ Carlisle chastened. Ã¢â¬Å"How could you be so irresponsible?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I know, Carlisle, I know. I was just plain stupid. I should have taken the time to make sure we were in a safe zone before I set her loose.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Edward,Ã¢â¬ I mumbled, embarrassed by the way they stared at me. It was like they were trying to see a brighter red in my eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"He's absolutely right to rebuke me, Bella,Ã¢â¬ Edward said with a grin. Ã¢â¬Å"I made a huge mistake. The fact that you are stronger than anyone I've ever known doesn't change that.Ã¢â¬ Alice rolled her eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"Tasteful joke, Edward.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I wasn't making a joke. I was explaining to Jasper why I know Bella can handle this. It's not my fault everyone jumped to conclusions.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Wait,Ã¢â¬ Jasper gasped. Ã¢â¬Å"She didn't hunt the humans?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She started to,Ã¢â¬ Edward said, clearly enjoying himself. My teeth ground together. Ã¢â¬Å"She was entirely focused on the hunt.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What happened?Ã¢â¬ Carlisle interjected. His eyes were suddenly bright, an amazed smile beginning to form on his face. It reminded me of before, when he'd wanted the details on my transformation experience. The thrill of new information. Edward leaned toward him, animated. Ã¢â¬Å"She heard me behind her and reacted defensively. As soon as my pursuit broke into her concentration, she snapped right out of it. I've never seen anything to equal her. She realized at once what was happening, and thenÃ¢â¬ ¦ she held her breath and ran awayÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Whoa,Ã¢â¬ Emmett murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"Seriously?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"He's not telling it right,Ã¢â¬ I muttered, more embarrassed than before. Ã¢â¬Å"He left out the part where I growled at him.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Did ya get in a couple of good swipes?Ã¢â¬ Emmett asked eagerly. Ã¢â¬Å"No! Of course not.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, not really? You really didn't attack him?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Emmett!Ã¢â¬ I protested. Ã¢â¬Å"Aw, what a waste,Ã¢â¬ Emmett groaned. Ã¢â¬Å"And here you're probably the one person who could take him Ã¢â¬â since he can't get in your head to cheat Ã¢â¬â and you had a perfect excuse, too.Ã¢â¬ He sighed. Ã¢â¬Å"I've been dying to see how he'd do without that advantage.Ã¢â¬ I glared at him frostily. Ã¢â¬Å"I would never.Ã¢â¬ Jasper's frown caught my attention; he seemed even more disturbed than before. Edward touched his fist lightly to Jasper's shoulder in a mock punch. Ã¢â¬Å"You see what I mean?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It's not natural,Ã¢â¬ Jasper muttered. Ã¢â¬Å"She could have turned on you Ã¢â¬â she's only hours old!Ã¢â¬ Esme scolded, putting her hand against her heart. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, we should have gone with you.Ã¢â¬ I wasn't paying so much attention, now that Edward was past the punch line of his joke. I was staring at the gorgeous child by the door, who was still staring at me. Her little dimpled hands reached out toward me like she knew exactly who I was. Automatically, my hand lifted to mimic hers. Ã¢â¬Å"Edward,Ã¢â¬ I said, leaning around Jasper to see her better. Ã¢â¬Å"Please?Ã¢â¬ Jasper's teeth were set; he didn't move. Ã¢â¬Å"Jazz, this isn't anything you've seen before,Ã¢â¬ Alice said quietly. Ã¢â¬Å"Trust me.Ã¢â¬ Their eyes met for a short second, and then Jasper nodded. He moved out of my way, but put one hand on my shoulder and moved with me as I walked slowly forward. I thought about every step before I took it, analyzing my mood, the burn in my throat, the position of the others around me. How strong I felt versus how well they would be able to contain me. It was a slow procession. And then the child in Rosalie's arms, struggling and reaching all this time while her expression got more and more irritated, let out a high, ringing wail. Everyone reacted as if Ã¢â¬â like me Ã¢â¬â they'd never heard her voice before. They swarmed around her in a second, leaving me standing alone, frozen in place. The sound of Renesmee's cry pierced right through me, spearing me to the floor. My eyes pricked in the strangest way, like they wanted to tear. It seemed like everyone had a hand on her, patting and soothing. Everyone but me. Ã¢â¬Å"What's the matter? Is she hurt? What happened?Ã¢â¬ It was Jacob's voice that was loudest, that raised anxiously above the others. I watched in shock as he reached for Renesmee, and then in utter horror as Rosalie surrendered her to him without a fight. Ã¢â¬Å"No, she's fine,Ã¢â¬ Rosalie reassured him. Rosalie was reassuring Jacob? Renesmee went to Jacob willingly enough, pushing her tiny hand against his cheek and then squirming around to stretch toward me again. Ã¢â¬Å"See?Ã¢â¬ Rosalie told him. Ã¢â¬Å"She just wants Bella.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She wants me?Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Renesmee's eyes Ã¢â¬â my eyes Ã¢â¬â stared impatiently at me. Edward darted back to my side. He put his hands lightly on my arms and urged me forward. Ã¢â¬Å"She's been waiting for you for almost three days,Ã¢â¬ he told me. We were only a few feet away from her now. Bursts of heat seemed to tremble out from her to touch me. Or maybe it was Jacob who was trembling. I saw his hands shaking as I got closer. And yet, despite his obvious anxiety, his face was more serene than I had seen it in a long time. Ã¢â¬Å"Jake Ã¢â¬â I'm fine,Ã¢â¬ I told him. It made me panicky to see Renesmee in his shaking hands, but I worked to keep myself in control. He frowned at me, eyes tight, like he was just as panicky at the thought of Renesmee in my arms. Renesmee whimpered eagerly and stretched, her little hands grasping into fists again and again. Something in me clicked into place at that moment. The sound of her cry, the familiarity of her eyes, the way she seemed even more impatient than I did for this reunion Ã¢â¬â all of it wove together into the most natural of patterns as she clutched the air between us. Suddenly, she was absolutely real, and of course I knew her. It was perfectly ordinary that I should take that last easy step and reach for her, putting my hands exactly where they would fit best as I pulled her gently toward me. Jacob let his long arms stretch so that I could cradle her, but he didn't let go. He shuddered a little when our skin touched. His skin, always so warm to me before, felt like an open flame to me now. It was almost the same temperature as Renesmee's. Perhaps one or two degrees difference. Renesmee seemed oblivious to the coolness of my skin, or at least very used to it. She looked up and smiled at me again, showing her square little teeth and two dimples. Then, very deliberately, she reached for my face. The moment she did this, all the hands on me tightened, anticipating my reaction. I barely noticed. I was gasping, stunned and frightened by the strange, alarming image that filled my mind. It felt like a very strong memory Ã¢â¬â I could still see through my eyes while I watched it in my head Ã¢â¬â but it was completely unfamiliar. I stared through it to Renesmee's expectant expression, trying to understand what was happening, struggling desperately to hold on to my calm. Besides being shocking and unfamiliar, the image was also wrong somehow Ã¢â¬â I almost recognized my own face in it, my old face, but it was off, backward. I grasped quickly that I was seeing my face as others saw it, rather than flipped in a reflection. My memory face was twisted, ravaged, covered in sweat and blood. Despite this, my expression in the vision became an adoring smile; my brown eyes glowed over their deep circles. The image enlarged, my face came closer to the unseen vantage point, and then abruptly vanished. Renesmee's hand dropped from my cheek. She smiled wider, dimpling again. It was totally silent in the room but for the heartbeats. No one but Jacob and Renesmee was so much as breathing. The silence stretched on; it seemed like they were waiting for me to say something. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬ ¦ wasÃ¢â¬ ¦ that?Ã¢â¬ I managed to choke out. Ã¢â¬Å"What did you see?Ã¢â¬ Rosalie asked curiously, leaning around Jacob, who seemed very much in the way and out of place at the moment. Ã¢â¬Å"What did she show you?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Srte showed me that?Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"I told you it was hard to explain,Ã¢â¬ Edward murmured in my ear. Ã¢â¬Å"But effective as means of communications go.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What was it?Ã¢â¬ Jacob asked. I blinked quickly several times. Ã¢â¬Å"Um. Me. I think. But I looked terrible.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was the only memory she had of you,Ã¢â¬ Edward explained. It was obvious he'd seen what she was showing me as she thought of it. He was still cringing, his voice rough from reliving the memory. Ã¢â¬Å"She's letting you know that she's made the connection, that she knows who you are.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Butrtowdidshedothat?Ã¢â¬ Renesmee seemed unconcerned with my boggling eyes. She was smiling slightly and pulling on a lock of my hair. Ã¢â¬Å"How do I hear thoughts? How does Alice see the future?Ã¢â¬ Edward asked rhetorically, and then shrugged. Ã¢â¬Å"She's gifted.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It's an interesting twist,Ã¢â¬ Carlisle said to Edward. Ã¢â¬Å"Like she's doing the exact opposite of what you can.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Interesting,Ã¢â¬ Edward agreed. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonder___Ã¢â¬ I knew they were speculating away, but I didn't care. I was staring at the most beautiful face in the world. She was hot in my arms, reminding me of the moment when the blackness had almost won, when there was nothing in the world left to hold on to. Nothing strong enough to pull me through the crushing darkness. The moment when I'd thought of Renesmee and found something I would never let go of. Ã¢â¬Å"I remember you, too,Ã¢â¬ I told her quietly. It seemed very natural to lean in and press my lips to her forehead. She smelled wonderful. The scent of her skin set my throat burning, but it was easy to ignore. It didn't strip the joy from the moment. Renesmee was real and I knew her. She was the same one I'd fought for from the beginning. My little nudger, the one who loved me from the inside, too. Half Edward, perfect and lovely. And half me Ã¢â¬â which, surprisingly, made her better rather than detracting. I'd been right all along. She was worth the fight. Ã¢â¬Å"She's fine,Ã¢â¬ Alice murmured, probably to Jasper. I could feel them hovering, not trusting me. Ã¢â¬Å"Haven't we experimented enough for one day?Ã¢â¬ Jacob asked, his voice a slightly higher pitch with stress. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay, Bella's doing great, but let's not push it.Ã¢â¬ I glared at him with real irritation. Jasper shuffled uneasily next to me. We were all crowded so close that every tiny movement seemed very big. Ã¢â¬Å"What is your problem, Jacob?Ã¢â¬ I demanded. I tugged lightly against his hold on Renesmee, and he just stepped closer to me. He was pressed right up to me, Renesmee touching both of our chests. Edward hissed at him. Ã¢â¬Å"Just because I understand, it doesn't mean I won't throw you out, Jacob. Bella's doing extraordinarily well. Don't ruin the moment for her.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I'll help him toss you, dog,Ã¢â¬ Rosalie promised, her voice seething. Ã¢â¬Å"I owe you a good kick in the gut.Ã¢â¬ Obviously, there was no change in that relationship, unless it had gotten worse. I glared at Jacob's anxious half-angry expression. His eyes were locked on Renesmee's face. With everyone pressed together, he had to be touching at least six different vampires at the moment, and it didn't even seem to bug him. Would he really go through all this just to protect me from myself? What could have happened during my transformation Ã¢â¬â my alteration into something he hated Ã¢â¬â that would soften him so much toward the reason for its necessity? I puzzled over it, watching him stare at my daughter. Staring at her likeÃ¢â¬ ¦ like he was a blind man seeing the sun for the very first time. Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ I gasped. Jasper's teeth came together and Edward's arms wrapped around my chest like constricting boas. Jacob had Renesmee out of my arms in the same second, and I did not try to hold on to her. Because I felt it coming Ã¢â¬â the snap that they'd all been waiting for. Ã¢â¬Å"Rose,Ã¢â¬ I said through my teeth, very slowly and precisely. Ã¢â¬Å"Take Renesmee.Ã¢â¬ Rosalie held her hands out, and Jacob handed my daughter to her at once. Both of them backed away from me. Ã¢â¬Å"Edward, I don't want to hurt you, so please let go of me.Ã¢â¬ He hesitated. Ã¢â¬Å"Go stand in front of Renesmee,Ã¢â¬ I suggested. He deliberated, and then let me go. I leaned into my hunting crouch and took two slow steps forward toward Jacob. Ã¢â¬Å"You didn't,Ã¢â¬ I snarled at him. He backed away, palms up, trying to reason with me. Ã¢â¬Å"You know it's not something I can control.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You stupid mutt How could you? My babyf He backed out the front door now as I stalked him, half-running backward down the stairs. Ã¢â¬Å"It wasn't my idea, Bella!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I've held her all of one time, and already you think you have some moronic wolfy claim to her? She's mineÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I can share,Ã¢â¬ he said pleadingly as he retreated across the lawn. Ã¢â¬Å"Pay up,Ã¢â¬ I heard Emmett say behind me. A small part of my brain wondered who had bet against this outcome. I didn't waste much attention on it. I was too furious. Ã¢â¬Å"How dare you imprint on my baby? Have you lost your mind?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was involuntary!Ã¢â¬ he insisted, backing into the trees. Then he wasn't alone. The two huge wolves reappeared, flanking him on either side. Leah snapped at me. A fearsome snarl ripped through my teeth back at her. The sound disturbed me, but not enough to stop my advance. Ã¢â¬Å"Bella, would you try to listen for just a second? Please?Ã¢â¬ Jacob begged. Ã¢â¬Å"Leah, back off,Ã¢â¬ he added. Leah curled her lip at me and didn't move. Ã¢â¬Å"Why should I listen?Ã¢â¬ I hissed. Fury reigned in my head. It clouded everything else out. Ã¢â¬Å"Because you're the one who told me this. Do you remember? You said we belonged in each other's lives, right? That we were family. You said that was how you and I were supposed to be. SoÃ¢â¬ ¦ now we are. It's what you wanted.Ã¢â¬ I glared ferociously. I did dimly remember those words. But my new quick brain was two steps ahead of his nonsense. Ã¢â¬Å"You think you'll be part of my family as my son-in-lawV I screeched. My bell voice ripped through two octaves and still came out sounding like music. Emmett laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"Stop her, Edward,Ã¢â¬ Esme murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"She'll be unhappy if she hurts him.Ã¢â¬ But I felt no pursuit behind me. Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ Jacob was insisting at the same time. Ã¢â¬Å"How can you even look at it that way? She's just a baby, for crying out loud!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That's mypointlÃ¢â¬ I yelled. Ã¢â¬Å"You know I don't think of her that way! Do you think Edward would have let me live this long if I did? All I want is for her to be safe and happy Ã¢â¬â is that so bad? So different from what you want?Ã¢â¬ He was shouting right back at me. Beyond words, I shrieked a growl at him. Ã¢â¬Å"Amazing, isn't she?Ã¢â¬ I heard Edward murmur. Ã¢â¬Å"She hasn't gone for his throat even once,Ã¢â¬ Carlisle agreed, sounding stunned. Ã¢â¬Å"Fine, you win this one,Ã¢â¬ Emmett said grudgingly. Ã¢â¬Å"You're going to stay away from her,Ã¢â¬ I hissed up at Jacob. Ã¢â¬Å"I can't do that!Ã¢â¬ Through my teeth: Ã¢â¬Å"Try. Starting nowÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It's not possible. Do you remember how much you wanted me around three days ago? How hard it was to be apart from each other? That's gone for you now, isn't it?Ã¢â¬ I glared, not sure what he was implying. Ã¢â¬Å"That was her,Ã¢â¬ he told me. Ã¢â¬Å"From the very beginning. We had to be together, even then.Ã¢â¬ I remembered, and then I understood; a tiny part of me was relieved to have the madness explained. But that relief somehow only made me angrier. Was he expecting that to be enough for me? That one little clarification would make me okay with this? Ã¢â¬Å"Run away while you still can,Ã¢â¬ I threatened. Ã¢â¬Å"C'mon,Bells! Nessie likes me, too,Ã¢â¬ he insisted. I froze. My breathing stopped. Behind me, I heard the lack of sound that was their anxious reaction. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬ ¦did youcall her?Ã¢â¬ Jacob took a step farther back, managing to look sheepish. Ã¢â¬Å"Well,Ã¢â¬ he mumbled, Ã¢â¬Å"that name you came up with is kind of a mouthful and Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You nicknamed my daughter after the Loch Ness Monster?Ã¢â¬ I screeched. And then I lunged for his throat.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Rene Descartes was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist and writer. Many elements of his philosophy have precedent in late Aristolelianism and earlier philosophers like St. Augustine. Descartes was a major figure in 17th century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and opposed by the empiricist school of thought consisting of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. His most famous statement is: Cogito ergo sum, translation in English I think therefore I am. Descartes employs a method called metaphysical doubt, sometimes also referred to as methodological skepticism: he rejects any ideas that can be doubted, and then reestablishes them in order to acquire a firm foundation for genuine knowledge.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Locke said at birth, the human mind is a sort of blank slate on which experience writes. Locke claims that ideas are the materials of knowledge and all ideas come from experience. The term idea stands for whatsoever is the object of the understanding, when a man thinks. Locke thinks we are born with a bunch of faculties to receive abilities and to process the content once we gain it. For example, the mind can engage in three different types of action in putting simple ideas together. The first of these kinds of action is to combine them into complex ideas. Complex ideas are of two kinds, ideas of substances and ideas of modes. Substances are independent existences. Beings that count as substances include God, angels, humans, animals, plants and a variety of constructed things. Modes are dependent existences. These include mathematical and moral ideas, and all the conventional language of religion, politics and culture. The second action which the mind performs is the bringing of two ideas, whether simple or complex, by one another so as to take a view of them at once, without uniting them. This gives us our ideas of relations. The third act of the mind is the production of our general ideas by abstraction from particulars, leaving out the particular circumstances of time and place, which would limit the application of an idea to a particular individual. In addition to these abilities, there are such faculties as memory which allow for the storing ofShow MoreRelatedJohn Locke And Rene Descartes1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhilosophers are individuals who address critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs with underlying theories of their own. John Locke and Rene Descartes were both cl assified as modern philosophers in the seventeenth century who sums up the subject about personal identity and its determents in reference to our own existence, such as who are we? The personal identity theory states that the philosophical confrontation with the ultimate questions of our own existence, such as who are weRead MoreRene Descartes And John Locke997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRene Descartes and John Locke each produced pieces of philosophical responses to the questions posed in epistemology which resulted with very different answers. Descartes relied on God and the mind as the only reliable and trustworthy sources to prove the existence of things other than ourselves. Locke, in contrast, made arguments for the existence of things in the external world via our innate ability to recognize and process sensations that are derived from subjects that exist in the material worldRead MoreJohn Locke And Rene Descartes Essay1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe field of philosophy, many philo sophers have had theories on personal identity and a personÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"self.Ã¢â¬ These people have gone down in history books for their theories on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s identity: John Locke and ReneÃ¢â¬â¢ Descartes. These are two of the most famous philosophers of their time and all time. Ã¢â¬Å"John Locke was one of the philosophers who were against the Cartesian theory that soul accounts for personal identity (Nimbalkar, 2011).Ã¢â¬ His theory was that your Ã¢â¬Å"selfÃ¢â¬ was your consciousness. He believedRead MorePropelling Rational Thought Over Compelling Empiricism1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In this paper I intend to examine the rationalist philosophy of Rene Descartes and fundamental empiricism of John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophical arguments, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, his identity and attempt to explain distinctions between the two. As I lay the framework of my argument it is important to understand the precepts that serve as the underpinning for the views considered by Descartes and Locke respectively. Rationalism and empiricism are two modes of thoughtRead MoreDescartes And John Locke s Views On Consciousness, Self, And Personal Identity1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSeventeenth century philosophers RenÃ © Descartes and John Locke endeavored to question the views on consciousness, self, and personal identity. They examined belief in God, the certainty of knowledge, and the role of mind and body. The goal of this paper is to deliberate John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s and RenÃ © Descartes views on Ã¢â¬Å"selfÃ¢â¬ and personal identity and how each c ome to examine how knowledge is captured. RenÃ © Descartes and John Locke both present arguments that are rational in the discussion of consciousnessRead MoreEssay on Descartes vs Locke1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslargely by experience, observation, and sensory perception. RenÃ © Descartes and John Locke, both seventeenth century philosophers, are often seen as two of the first early modern philosophers. Both Descartes and Locke attempt to find answers to the same questions in metaphysics and epistemology; among these: What is knowledge? Is there certainty in knowledge? What roles do the mind and body play in the acquisition of knowledge? Descartes and Locke do not provide the same answers to these questions. InRead MoreInnate Ideas Essay653 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesof ideas. Rene Descartes and John Locke were these two philosophers with the opposing argument on innate ideas. The place where Descartes discusses his views were in the Meditations on First Philosophy and Lockes argument is located in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. By using these sources I will be able to describe the difference between these two arguments on innate ideas. Rene Descartes was a mathematician and an extremely brilliant man. In mediation three, Descartes is tryingRead MoreSimilarities And Weaknesses Of Descartes And Locke On The Topic Of The Origin Of Ideas1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswe have? RenÃ © Descartes and John Locke, both seventeenth-century philosophers, are often seen as two of the first early modern philosophers. One question that the both of them try to tackle is the origin of ideas. Descartes and Locke do not provide the same answers to this question. This paper will discuss some of the strengths and weaknesses of both augments of Descartes and Locke on the topic of the origin of ideas. It will also discuss who had the stronger argument overall. Descartes believesRead MoreDescartes vs Locke Essay1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEssay (Descartes vs. Locke) Socrates once said, Ã¢â¬Å"As for me, all I know is that I know nothing.Ã¢â¬ Several philosophers contradicted SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ outlook and believed that true knowledge was in fact attainable. This epistemological view however had several stances to it, as philosophers held different beliefs in regards to the derivation of true knowledge. Rationalists believed that the mind was the source of true knowledge, while in Empiricism, true knowledge derived from the senses. Rene DescartesRead MoreDescartes vs. Locke1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEssay (Descartes vs. Locke) Socrates once said, Ã¢â¬Å"As for me, all I know is that I know nothing.Ã¢â¬ Several philosophers contradicted SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ outlook and believed that true knowledge was in fact attainable. This epistemological view however had several stances to it, as philosophers held different beliefs in regards to the derivation of true knowledge. Rationalists believed that the mind was the source of true knowledge, while in Empiricism, true knowledge derived from the senses. Rene Descartes
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Some could say that there is a love so strong that it can blind one of the harsh realities of life and can make a fool out of anyone. This same blind love makes a fool of Jay Gatsby in the book The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Jay Gatsby is a young, wealthy man, seeking to be reunited with his long lost love Daisy Buchanan. After Nick Carraway moves next to Gatsby, he is invited over to one of GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s parties. Once Gatsby and Nick start to become friends, Gatsby asks Nick if he would invite his cousin Daisy for tea. Gatsby had fantasized, for five years, the moment that he would finally get to see Daisy; however, she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t live up to his embellished imagination. During the rest of the summer, the affair arises between the two until one catastrophic night leads Daisy to slink back into her money and her husband for a sense of security. Gatsby is a fool for wasting his time trying to repeat the past and rekindle his love with Daisy. Gatsby is nonsensica l for trying to impress Daisy with his wealth. After not seeing or communicating with Daisy for five years, Gatsby intentionally moves across the bay from her house. Jordan says, Ã¢â¬Å" Gatsby bought that house so that Daisy would be just across the bayÃ¢â¬ (78). His purchase is all part of GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s colossal plan to get Daisy back in his grasp. It appears like Gatsby is the only one who wants it to work, considering Daisy has never looked for him or noticed that he lives across the bay.. Over the years,Show MoreRelatedThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesF. Scott Fitzgerald was the model of the American image in the nineteen twenties. He had wealth, fame, a beautiful wife, and an adorable daughter; all seemed perfect. Beneath the gilded faÃ §ade, however, was an author who struggled with domestic and physical difficulties that plagued his personal life and career throughout its short span. This author helped to launch the theme that is so prevalent in his work; the human instinct to yearn for more, into the forefront of American literature, where itRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHonors English 10 Shugart 18 Decemeber 2014 The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald s 1925 novel The Great Gatsby is a tragic love story, a mystery, and a social commentary on American life. The Great Gatsby is about the lives of four wealthy characters observed by the narrator, Nick Carroway. Throughout the novel a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby throws immaculate parties every Saturday night in hope to impress his lost lover, Daisy Buchanan. Gatsby lives in a mansion on West Egg across from DaisyRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1155 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Great Gatsby The Jazz Age was an era where everything and anything seemed possible. It started with the beginning of a new age with America coming out of World War I as the most powerful nation in the world (Novel reflections on, 2007). As a result, the nation soon faced a culture-shock of material prosperity during the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. Also known as the Ã¢â¬Å"roaring twentiesÃ¢â¬ , it was a time where life consisted of prodigality and extravagant parties. Writing based on his personal experiences, author F. ScottRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin the Haze F. Scott Fitzgerald lived in a time that was characterized by an unbelievable lack of substance. After the tragedy and horrors of WWI, people were focused on anything that they could that would distract from the emptiness that had swallowed them. Tangible greed tied with extreme materialism left many, by the end of this time period, disenchanted. The usage of the literary theories of both Biographical and Historical lenses provide a unique interpretation of the Great Gatsby centered aroundRead MoreThe Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald845 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn F. Scott FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Great Gatsby, colors represent a variety of symbols that relate back to the American Dream. The dream of being pure, innocent and perfect is frequently associated with the reality of corruption, violence, and affairs. GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s desire for achieving the American Dream is sought for through corruption (Schneider). The American Dream in the 1920s was perceived as a desire of w ealth and social standings. Social class is represented through the East Egg, the WestRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald Essay970 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrespecting and valuing Fitzgerald work in the twenty-first century? Fitzgerald had a hard time to profiting from his writing, but he was not successful after his first novel. There are three major point of this essay are: the background history of Fitzgerald life, the comparisons between Fitzgerald and the Gatsby from his number one book in America The Great Gatsby, and the Fitzgerald got influences of behind the writing and being a writer. From childhood to adulthood, Fitzgerald faced many good andRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald2099 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesauthor to mirror his life in his book. In his previous novels F. Scott Fitzgerald drew from his life experiences. He said that his next novel, The Great Gatsby, would be different. He said, Ã¢â¬Å"In my new novel IÃ¢â¬â¢m thrown directly on purely creative workÃ¢â¬ (F. Scott Fitzgerald). He did not realize or did not want it to appear that he was taking his own story and intertwining it within his new novel. In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, he imitates his lifestyle through the Buchanan family to demonstrateRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Great Gatsby is an American novel written in 1925 by F. Scott Fitzgerald. One of the themes of the book is the American Dream. The American Dream is an idea in which Americans believe through hard work they can achieve success and prosperity in the free world. In F. Scott Fitzgerald s novel, The Great Gatsby, the American Dream leads to popularity, extreme jealousy and false happiness. Jay GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s recent fortune and wealthiness helped him earn a high social position and become one of the mostRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMcGowan English 11A, Period 4 9 January 2014 The Great Gatsby Individuals who approach life with an optimistic mindset generally have their goals established as their main priority. Driven by ambition, they are determined to fulfill their desires; without reluctance. These strong-minded individuals refuse to be influenced by negative reinforcements, and rely on hope in order to achieve their dreams. As a man of persistence, the wealthy Jay Gatsby continuously strives to reclaim the love of hisRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe 1920s witnessed the death of the American Dream, a message immortalized in F. Scott FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s The Great Gatsby. Initially, the American Dream represented the outcome of American ideals, that everyone has the freedom and opportunity to achieve their dreams provided they perform honest hard work. During the 1920s, the United States experienced massive economic prosperity making the American Dream seem alive and strong. However, in FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, the new Am erican culture build around that
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice Crime is defined as: commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state. Crimes are considered injurious to society and the community. As defined by law, a crime includes both the act, or actus rea, and the intent to commit the act, or mens rea. Criminal intent involves an intellectual apprehension of factual elements of the act or acts commanded or enjoined by the law. It is usually inferred from the apparently voluntary commission of an overt act. Criminal liability is relieved in the case of insanity. Legal minors are also relieved of criminal liability, as are persons subjected to coercion or duress to such a degree as to render theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The book The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice by Kappeler, Blumberg, and Potter breaks down the essentials and gives the reader ideas on what exactly crime is, how it is represented by the media, and how Americans respond to it. In Chapter 2, the authors discuss crime waves and their effects on society. In Chapter 2, the authors point out the main contributing factor to crime in the United States--poverty. According to the text, the main contributor to crime in the United States is a young, black male living in an urban environment. The text also notes that blacks commit crimes at three times the rate of their percentage in the national population. The official crime rate in the United States is measured by the Federal Bureau of Investigations Uniform Crime Reports. However, there is strong criticism for the FBIs measurement of crime using the UCR. For example, the FBI does not require that any person be arrested for crimes that are reported. All that is required is for someone to believe that a crime actually took place. One can see where this could create misleading statistics. For example, if someone were to lose a checkbook at a local mall, they could report that a pickpocket had stolen the checkbook from them. Under the FBIs UCR, this would be labeled as a crime, even though the checkbook was misplaced and was in fact not stolen. Another source of crime information is found in theShow MoreRelatedThe Mythology Of Crime And Criminal Justice Essay1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice it discusses the consequences of reality programs have on the public. One particular show called AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Most Wanted, was giving information about a fugitive named Don Moore who was wanted for having different sexual interactions with fifth-grade students. What happened was that a worker named Richard Maxwell was thought to be identified as Moore even though his description was not very close to the actual suspects. The police officers arrested himRead MoreThe Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice: Contributing Factors of C1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice: Contributing Factors Of Crime Crime is defined as: commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state. Crimes are considered injurious to society and the community. As defined by law, a crime includes both the act, or actus rea, and the intent to commit the act, or mens rea. Criminal intent involves an intellectual apprehension of factual elements of the act or acts commanded or enjoined by the law. It isRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System Essay1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswho have a vast amount of power and control over the people are typically the ones responsible for fabricating such accounts in order to avoid certain areas of concern. The criminal justice system as a whole, embodies thousands of authoritative figures that citizens confide in. Myths that are fabricated within criminal justice play a vital part in coercing American societyÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and perception, which by its nature, can serve as an advantage to some and destructive to others (Griffin, WoodwardRead MoreEssay about Criminal Justice Myths and Facts1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Compare and contrast crime myths and facts. The media plays a huge role in forming peoples perceptions of crime. Without the media we would remain ignorant to occurrences outside our direct social groups. The media and especially news coverage therefore provides us with an important point of contact with the rest of society. In evaluating its effect on popular perceptions of crime it becomes important to consider where most of the information comes from and how representative it is onRead MoreResearch Process and Terminology Paper1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinformation can be biomedical, social, behavioral, research fraud, or as simple popular car color. However, in research it can be very intensive when the research involves people lives through crime. In this research and terminology paper, will examine the process of research and how it targets the criminal justice. To begin, lets us examine the terminology needed to understand how the research process flows and works. The process of collecting and analyzing data has bec ome a work of art when comparedRead MoreComparing Media Images Of Criminological Research Essay1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"become a staple on film, television, and in video gamesÃ¢â¬ (Darowski). The genre is so influential in fact, that it dates back all the way to the Ancient Greeks, and possibly even further (Haynes). Every group in history has had their mythologies and epic tales of crime fighters, they just did not call them superheroes. For example, Achilles only had one weakness (his heel) and was by the Greeks definition, considered a hero (greek-gods.org). The same goes for heroes like Perseus, Theseus, and evenRead MoreBook Review of Domestic Violence1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconclusions from the research literature: men are victimized more often than women and violence against them by females is just as severe as violence against women. Women are the primary abusers of children and most of their young victims are male. Criminal statistics show, in spite of a ris ing chorus of voices denouncing violence against women, that violence against males over at least the past twenty years has been rising, while conversely, violence against women has been decreasing. The same statisticsRead MoreHeros and Sidekicks Eastern Western and Modern Mythology. Achillies and Patroclus, Gilgamesh and Enkidu, Batman and Robin1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconsistent motif in mythology from the very first civilization, to the ancient Greeks, and even to popular culture now. Three specific stories with very similar hero-sidekick themes are the relationships between Gilgamesh and Enkidu in the Epic of Gilgamesh, Achilles and Patroclus in the Iliad, and Batman and Robin in the graphic novel Death in the Family. This essay will explore the similarities and differences between these important pieces of literature. The three mythologies are quite differentRead MoreSexual Assault On Public Texas University Property961 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmolestation, to fondling. In order to make our research more accurate, we have chosen to reduce the definition of sexual assault down to just forced intercourse, or in other terms, rape. We have found a definition of rape from the Texas Department of Justice that goes into explicit detail, Ã¢â¬Å"The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victimÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Attorney General Eric Holder,Ã¢â¬ 2012)Read MoreThe American Dream and Domestic Violence1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe American Dream and Domestic Violence Criminal Justice Systems Topical Analysis Paper A Course Research Paper Presented to the Criminal Justice Department in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice Systems Keuka College December 5, 2013 Introduction Many people have their own American Dream which have become their driving force and center of their life. However, not everyone can achieve their American Dream. Paul